The International Standards Organization first introduced the ISO 14000 Environmental Management System standards in 1996. In 2004, these standards were revised and the ISO 14001: 2004 Environmental Management System Certificate is given to the related organizations.
If ISO 9001 Quality Management System Certificate is given to demanding organizations, ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Certificate is given to the demanding organizations.
Since the Environmental Management System standards are a management system standard, an organization can install this system alone or install and implement it with ISO 9001 Quality Management System. Because environmental management system The standards of the Quality Management System have a large number of common items.
ISO 14001 Environmental Management System is a systematic approach that enables the production to be carried out in every production sector, taking the environmental effects into consideration in every step from the first stage of the product to the consumer. ISO 14001; is an international standard that defines the process of controlling and improving the environmental performance of a company.
The aim of the establishment of the Environmental Management System is to determine the activities to be done to minimize the damages to the soil, air and water and to the environment by reducing the use of natural resources during the activities of the organizations.
Air, soil, water, flora (plant community), fauna (animal community), the environment that includes natural resources and people, and the relationship between them are defined as environment. However, unfortunately, the environment, industry and technological developments in which people live and are living together are becoming more and more damaged. Destruction of the natural environment and the environmental pollution created are increasingly threatening human life and quality of life.
National and international legal regulations for the environment have been started to be made and the development of environmental standards has been developed to prevent any damage caused by humanity to the environment. International Standards Organization ISO 14001 Environmental Management System standards prepared by
The establishments establishing the Environmental Management System may, as a result, obtain a certificate of this system by applying to an internationally or accredited certification body. The certification bodies shall carry out the necessary audits by the auditors to be assigned and the necessary conditions are met. ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Certificate they held
However, the fact that an organization is implementing the Environmental Management System standards and has obtained the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Certificate which will prove this situation does not mean that this organization fully meets the laws, regulations and all kinds of legal regulations issued by the relevant ministry of environment. This document does not indicate that it fulfills the relevant environmental legal provisions in all its production or services. These issues depend on the permits and licenses to be obtained from the institutions authorized by the relevant ministry of environment.
ISO 14001 Environmental Management System is a set of standards that guide the determination of the environmental impacts in various processes from the raw material phase of the product to the customer and the control of these effects by taking necessary measures and thus minimizing the damage to natural resources.
These standards are compatible with each country's own legal regulations. For this reason, practices are generally in line with the fulfillment of legal obligations. As such, applications are the basis for realization as an Environmental Management System.
Meanwhile, the issue of environment is one of the important topics in the integration studies with the European Union. In this respect, the Ministry of Environment has requested ISO 14001 standards show parallelism to each other.
As a matter of fact, ISO 14000 standards contain many standards in itself. The most well-known and important ones are:
- ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems, Terms and Conditions
- ISO 14004 General Guide to Environmental Management Systems, Principles, Systems and Supporting Techniques
- ISO 14020 Environmental Labels and Declarations, General Principles
- ISO 14031 Environmental Management, Environmental Performance Evaluation, Guide
- ISO 14040 Environmental Management, Lifelong Evaluation, Principles and Framework
- ISO 19011 Quality and Environmental Management Systems Audit Manual
The ISO 1996 Environmental Management System standard, which was first introduced in 14001, was translated and published by Turkish Standards Organization in our country in 1997. The full name of this standard in our country is TS EN ISO 14001: 2004 Environmental Management System Standard. TS is the Turkish standard and EN is the European standard. 2004 shows that this standard is suitable for the revision of 2004.