The Turkish Standards Institute (TSE) became a full member in 1956 for International Standards Organization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). The European Standardization Committee (CEN) and the European Electrotechnical Standardization Committee (CENELEC) have become full members in 2012. In fact, TSE has been cooperating with the European Committee for Standardization and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization since 2008.
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), was established in 1906. Its main task is to develop international standards in electricity, electronics and related technologies. The objectives of this organization are to meet global market needs, to improve the quality of products and services, to contribute to human health and safety and to contribute to the protection of the environment. TSE is a member of the sub-committees of this organization and operates in the fields that concern our industry.
European Electrotechnical Standardization Committee (CENELEC), 1973 was founded in Brussels. This organization sets standards for the European Union countries for the electrotechnical field and identifies the market criteria for electrical and electronic products and services for European Union countries. Today, more than 20 of technological products are working with electronic or electrical energy and this sector is very important for the European Union.
Most of the standards issued by the European Electrotechnical Standardization Committee are taken from the standards prepared by the International Electronic Committee for word word. In other words, the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization has actually taken an important role not only for European manufacturers and producers, but also for suppliers outside Europe. The International Electronic Committee is headquartered in Geneva and has so far prepared about five thousand standards in the field of electricity, electronics and related technologies.
At the European Electrotechnical Standardization Committee where European standardization studies are carried out, our country is among the top five countries with the weight of votes and with the same weight with the UK, France, Germany and Italy (29 votes). In short, the TSE is in a strong position to negotiate, accept or reject any standard.
A rating system has been developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) to measure the resistance of electrical or mechanical devices to dust, water or external impacts. Many product standards for the electrical and electronics sector require that these products have a certain degree of protection against dust and water.
Depending on the area of use of electrical and electronic products, for example in the building or outside the building, a number of protection class levels have been identified. These levels will be done by IP (international protection, international protection) after the tests given by the IP code is expressed. These published codes also provide more detailed information to consumers about the marketed product.
IP tests are carried out on the manufacturer's declaration in accordance with the intended use of the electrical and electronic products and it is determined whether the products meet the desired degree of protection. These tests are carried out in the laboratories which are compatible with the latest technology.
IP protection degreesIt was developed by the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC). These degrees of protection have been developed to determine standards that will determine the durability of electrical products to environmental conditions.
The degree of IP protection generally consists of two or three digits. The first figure represents the strength against solids and materials, and the second figure represents the resistance to liquids. The third figure refers to the resistance to mechanical factors.
The degree of protection against solids and materials is as follows:
0. No protection
1. Protected against solid objects with a diameter greater than 50 mm (eg touching manually by mistake)
2. Protected from 12 mm solid objects with large diameters (eg by touching fingers)
3. Protected against solid objects with a diameter greater than 2,5 mm (eg touching with a handpiece, wire or cable)
4. Protected against solid objects with a diameter greater than 1 mm (eg touching a handpiece with thin wire or cable)
5. Limited protection against dust (eg no corrosive dust accumulation)
6. Fully protected against dust
The degree of protection against liquids is as follows:
0. No protection
1. Protection against vertically dripping water
2. 15 protection against water from vertical angle
3. Protection against water from vertical angle up to 60
4. Protection against water from all directions and angles (limited protection)
5. Protection against low pressure water from all directions and angles (limited protection)
6. Protection against high pressure water
7. Protection against immersion in water between 15 cm and 1 m
8. Protection against prolonged exposure to water
The degree of protection against mechanical influences is as follows:
0. No protection
1. Protection against a mechanical force of 0,225 jule
2. Protection against a mechanical force of 0,375 jule
3. Protection against a mechanical force of 0,5 jule
4. Protection against a mechanical force of 2 jule
5. Protection against a mechanical force of 6 jule
6. Protection against a mechanical force of 20 jule