When it comes to thermal comfort, it is stated that most of the employees in a workplace should be in a certain comfort while performing both their physical and mental activities in terms of climatic conditions such as air flow, temperature and humidity. The disturbance of the working environment in this sense leads to a decrease in efficiency and work accidents.
Thermal comfort measurements Four basic parameters are used to determine the working environment:
- Temperature of air: Temperature or coldness measurement of the working environment. Measurements are made using a dry thermometer.
- Humidity of air: The amount of moisture in the air of the working environment. It is expressed as relative humidity and absolute humidity. Relative humidity is more important. The overall approach is that the relative humidity in a workplace is between 30 and 65. Measurements are made using hygrometer.
- Air flow rate: Gases and dusts in the working environment should be removed from these environments. This can be achieved by creating an appropriate air flow rate. Air currents must be taken into account in order to keep the ambient temperature at a suitable level. The air around the human body creates heat transfer with the effect of air flow. Measurements are made using anemometer.
- Thermal radiationThis concept is related to the thermal balance of the human body with the environment. If the temperature of any object near the human being is too low from body temperature, a large amount of heat radiation is emitted from the human. In contrast, if the temperature of any object near the human being is too high, it will receive a high amount of heat through human radiation. Measurements are made using a glob thermometer.
Apart from these, there are other factors affecting thermal comfort. For example,
- Quality of work (heavy or light work)
- Physical structure of the employee (fat or weak)
- Gender of the employee (male or female)
- Health status of the person (healthy or unhealthy)
- Dressing status during work (appropriate clothing for work or not worn)
Thermal comfort comfortis not something that is immediately noticed. After a while in the environment begins to feel itself. If thermal comfort conditions are not favorable in the working environment, people feel a nuisance first, and discomfort starts.
In accordance with the provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, it is necessary to ensure proper working conditions in workplaces and to have adequate temperature and humidity in the working environment. According to the regulation, the temperature and humidity in closed working environments should be moderate but appropriate for the nature of the work.
For this purpose, testing organizations conduct temperature and humidity measurements at workplaces and help companies revise their working conditions. Measurements of temperature, humidity and pressure values are evaluated within the framework of legal regulations. All measurements required in the workplace are made and reported by taking into consideration national and international standards. In the meantime, all measuring devices must comply with today's technology and related standards and must be regularly calibrated.
TÜRCERT certification body provides certification services and consultancy and training services as well as technical services to companies in need. In this context, you can rely on the TÜRCERT certification body, which has an experienced and expert staff, in Thermal Comfort Measurement and other similar test studies.